Beware of Leaked Kidney in Diabetics

Diabetes is a chronic disease that often causes complications. Not infrequently, complications that arise can endanger the health condition of the sufferer. One of the complications caused by diabetes is a leaky kidney.

Kidney has the shape of a kidney bean, which is located just below the left and right ribs. There are several kidney functions in the body, namely:

Filtering residual substances and poisons from the blood to then be discharged through urine.

Maintain blood pressure.

Regulates fluid and electrolyte balance in the body.

Help strengthen bones.

Producing hormone forming red blood cells.

Filter Organ Damage

Kidney disorders often arise in people with diabetes, this condition is known as diabetic nephropathy. This disease occurs because the filter in the kidney is damaged, so the kidneys leak and drain a number of proteins, especially albumin from the blood into the urine.

Based on the amount of albumin that goes into the urine, leaking kidneys can be divided into two categories, namely:

Mikroalbuminuria
Microalbuminuria is a condition when protein albumin in the urine is around 30-300 mg per day. This is an early sign of a kidney disorder.

Proteinuria
Proteinuria is a condition in which protein albumin in the urine is more than 300 mg per day and is more difficult to treat. This type of leaking kidney indicates that kidney failure has occurred and needs to be treated by a doctor immediately.

The high blood sugar levels in diabetics can also trigger scarring in the filter cells in the kidneys. That can cause kidney function to slow down gradually over the years. If not treated immediately, the process will continue to cause kidney failure.

Some diabetic conditions at risk for kidney problems, among others, have uncontrolled blood sugar levels, have high blood pressure, are active in smoking, have type 1 diabetes before the age of 20 years, or have a history of diabetes and kidney disorders in the family.

Symptoms that need to be observed

Kidney disorders that can end up in the kidneys leak, develop slowly and are rarely accompanied by certain symptoms at the initial stage. Symptoms of new kidney damage will appear 5 to 10 years after the occurrence of kidney disorders.

Symptoms that can appear include:

Easy to feel weak.

Headache.

Nausea and vomiting.

No appetite.

Swelling of the legs, around the eyes, or other areas of the body.

Pale and weak.

Muscle cramps.

Itchy skin.

Infected easily.

Increased levels of albumin in the urine is one sign of kidney damage in diabetics. But in addition to checking urine albumin to detect leaky kidneys, a series of other tests are also needed such as kidney function tests, Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR), and urine analysis to evaluate the extent of kidney damage.

Therefore, to prevent kidney leakage or other kidney disorders it is important for diabetics to maintain normal blood sugar and blood pressure levels, adopt a healthy lifestyle, undergo a diet low in salt and protein, exercise regularly, and stop smoking.

In addition, check the protein in urine and blood tests to the hospital at least once a year or according to the doctor’s recommendation. This is intended to find out overall kidney function. For people with diabetes, do not hesitate to consult a doctor about the risk of leaking kidney and kidney failure, as well as how to best prevent it.