How to Care for Diabetes Injuries to Prevent Harmful Risk
Diabetic wounds have a longer healing period compared to wounds in healthy people. Even if not handled properly, wounds in diabetics can continue to spread until it ends with amputation. So, how to treat diabetic wounds?
The cause of long-term diabetes wounds to heal is blood sugar levels in the body that are too high. This damages the nerves, decreases the immune system, and causes blood circulation to deteriorate, thus inhibiting the process of repairing damaged tissue.
As a result, wounds in diabetics will remain open, wet, and difficult to cure. Wounds that don’t heal cause diabetics to be more susceptible to fungal infections, bacterial infections, and gangrene.
How to treat diabetes injuries?
To prevent the risk of getting worse wounds, then do a number of ways to treat diabetic wounds, the following.
• Clean wounds
The first step that can be taken to treat diabetic wounds is to clean the wound immediately. You can clean the wound using running water and soap. After that, dry and apply the antibiotic ointment the doctor recommends so that the wound is free of germs. Do not forget to regularly replace the wound dressing so that the wound condition is not clean.
• Reduce pressure on the wound
Avoid putting pressure on the wound area, for example by not wearing tight clothing. Reduced pressure allows the wound not to get worse and heal faster. If the wound is on the sole of the foot, you should use soft pads or special footwear so as not to aggravate the damage caused by diabetic wounds.
• Control blood sugar levels
Uncontrolled blood sugar levels will complicate the wound healing process. Therefore, it is important to continue to control blood sugar levels with a healthy diet for diabetes, exercise, antidiabetic drugs, until injections of insulin if needed. You can consult a doctor further to control blood sugar levels.
• Pay attention to signs of infection
Infection of the diebetes wound occurs not without symptoms. Symptoms can include fever, pain, redness, swelling or feeling warm around the wound. In addition to the above signs, the infection can also be marked by watery, suppurating wounds, accompanied by an unpleasant odor. The faster you recognize symptoms, the earlier you can treat diabetes wounds.
• Meet food intake
To speed up the wound healing process, you are also advised to pay attention to daily nutritional intake. One important nutrient that must be fulfilled daily to treat diabetic wounds is protein. Proteins are known to help repair damaged tissue and other body tissues. Calorie, fat, fiber, vitamin and mineral needs, such as zinc and vitamin C, are also important to fulfill.
• Contact a doctor
If diabetic wounds do not improve within 48 hours, it is advisable to contact a doctor immediately. If this is not done immediately, the wound will get worse so that it is difficult to deal with.
Preventing the emergence of new wounds in people with diabetes
Some wound prevention measures in diabetics, include:
• Cut your nails carefully
If you suffer from diabetes, be careful in cutting nails, especially for those of you who have had injuries to the leg before. The way to treat diabetic wounds is to prevent injuries that might occur when you cut your nails. If you have trouble cutting your nails, don’t hesitate to ask someone for help.
• Regularly check your feet every day
Diabetics will usually experience numbness in their legs. After moving or using shoes, you should always check your feet and feet. This is done to avoid small, reddish, and swollen wounds that you don’t realize. Also, make it a habit to wash your feet and dry them immediately so that your feet are always clean.
• Wear comfortable footwear
In order to prevent the appearance of sores, you are advised to always wear footwear when inside or outside the room. In addition, choose footwear that is comfortable and has a cushion for the heel. Also avoid wearing footwear that is too tight and hard because it will only make your feet hurt.
• Do not smoke
If you have a history of diabetes, it is advisable to stop smoking. Cigarettes make blood circulation become blocked and reduce the amount of oxygen throughout the body. As a result, the wound you have will get worse and the healing process will be slower.
• Check with your doctor regularly
Don’t forget to regularly check your legs and other limbs to the doctor to treat diabetes wounds. The doctor can check for early signs of nerve damage, poor blood circulation, or infected wounds, so that early treatment can be given.
If you have a history of diabetes and wounds that do not heal in the foot, then consult a doctor immediately to get treatment for treating the right diabetes wound.