What is the normal blood sugar level in the body?
Having normal blood sugar levels in the body is very important because it can support the body’s performance and keep you healthy. But do you know what normal blood sugar level you should have?
Actually normal blood sugar levels are not based on one standard number. These levels can change as before and after you eat or also when it’s time to sleep.
Normal Range of Blood Sugar Levels
After eating, your digestive system will break down carbohydrates into sugar or glucose which can be absorbed by the bloodstream. These substances are very important for the energy source of your body’s cells. Blood flows this sugar to the body’s cells to make it energy.
However, this sugar must pass through a ‘door’ to enter these cells. The hormone that plays a role in opening the ‘door’ is insulin. Insulin is produced by the pancreas. After entering the cell, this sugar will be burned into energy that you can use. More sugar will be stored in the liver for later use.
Following is the range of normal blood sugar levels in the body:
Before eating: around 70-130 mg / dL
Two hours after eating: less than 140 mg / dL
After not eating (fasting) for at least eight hours: less than 100 mg / dL
Approaching sleep: 100-140 mg / dL
Recognizing Signs of Deficiency and Excess Blood Sugar
Maintaining blood sugar levels in normal numbers is very important. Blood sugar is too low (hypoglycemia) or high (hyperglycemia) can have a negative impact on your body. If your blood sugar is below 70 mg / dL then you experience hypoglycemia. You are said to have hyperglycemia if your blood sugar level is more than 200 mg / dL.
The effects of too low blood sugar levels include:
Easy to get angry
Tingling in the mouth area
Not able to stand or walk
The effects of too high blood sugar levels include:
Body weight decreases
Dry, red and hot skin
Frequent dental infections
How to maintain normal blood sugar levels
To avoid the effects of blood sugar too low or high, let’s keep your blood sugar levels within normal limits. Here are ways you can do:
With regular exercise, you can stabilize blood sugar. Do exercise at least 2.5 hours per week regularly. You can train the strength of the muscles of the body because of its role in using and storing sugar is very large. This can keep blood sugar levels normal. But remember, don’t overdo physical activity because it can trigger hypoglycemia.
Pay attention to food intake
It’s best to limit carbohydrate consumption. The sources of carbohydrates that you can choose are sweet potatoes, whole grains pasta, and brown rice. Other good foods for you are nuts such as almonds, salmon, skinless chicken breast meat, broccoli, spinach, and cinnamon.
Eat on time
Don’t miss your meal, especially breakfast. If this happens, hunger will increase in the next meal. The result is you will overeat, then increase your blood sugar. Eating three times a day plus two nutritious snacks between meals can help keep blood sugar normal.
It’s best to immediately overcome the stress you experience, because this condition can make your blood sugar levels increase.
Always available sweet snacks
Always bring sweet snacks like candy to prevent blood sugar levels from dropping dramatically. But don’t consume it excessively.
To find out normal blood sugar levels, a blood sugar test can be done at the hospital, or if you want to be practical you can buy a blood sugar test kit that can be used at home. However, to monitor blood sugar levels for the past 2 to 3 months, haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) is required in the laboratory. You should consult a doctor to find out what type of blood test is needed.