Rules for taking diabetes drugs that need to be understood
Diabetes is a chronic disease that can generally be treated by living a healthy lifestyle and taking diabetes medication. However, there are several rules for taking diabetes medication that need to be adhered to, so that the drug can function optimally.
The diabetes medication prescribed by a doctor is not to cure diabetes, but to keep blood sugar levels stable and remain within normal limits. The purpose of taking diabetes medication is to prevent blood sugar from rising too high, because high blood sugar in the long run can cause dangerous diabetes complications.

Understanding the Rules for Taking Diabetes Medication
The diabetes medication given by doctors varies depending on the type of diabetes experienced by the patient. There are diabetes medications that need to be taken before meals, together with eating, or after eating.
The following are the rules for taking diabetes medications that are tailored to the types of diabetes:
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is a condition in which the pancreas cannot produce insulin, resulting in an increase in blood sugar levels. Therefore, the right treatment in dealing with this type of diabetes is administration of injectable insulin every day, to control blood sugar levels to stay normal.
The doctor will determine the right dose of insulin, and teach you how to do insulin injections. However, injecting insulin has the potential to cause several side effects, such as headaches, weakness, itching, reduced potassium, and in some cases, allergies to insulin.
If you experience these side effects after injecting insulin, immediately go to the doctor.
Type 2 diabetes
Unlike type 1 diabetics, only some type 2 diabetes patients need insulin to control their blood sugar. Type 2 diabetes patients will generally be given antidiabetic drugs, such as:
Metformin
This drug serves to reduce glucose production in the liver. The dose of metformin is different for each patient and is adjusted for the severity of diabetes. This medicine is taken together or after meals.
Sulfonilurea
This diabetes drug works by increasing insulin production in the pancreas. Examples of this class of drugs are glibenclamide, gliclazide, and glimepiride. Medication for this type of diabetes is consumed before meals.
DPP-4 inhibitors
This drug serves to inhibit the absorption of glucose back in the kidneys, and increase the hormone insulin. Examples of drugs are sitagliptin, vildagliptin, and linagliptin. This medicine is consumed according to the doctor’s recommended schedule (not depending on the meal schedule).
Thiazolidindion
This diabetes drug serves to increase the sensitivity of body cells to use insulin, so that glucose can be used more effectively. This type of drug is pioglitazone. As with the DPP-4 inhibitor type diabetes drug, the consumption of this drug does not depend on the meal schedule and follows the doctor’s administration schedule.
Acarbose
This diabetes drug is given to inhibit the absorption of glucose from the digestive tract. This medicine is taken together with the first mouthful when eating.
Combination diabetes medication
This type of drug consists of a mixture of two classes of diabetes medications. These combination diabetes medications are taken before meals, but some are consumed after eating.
When using these drugs, pay attention to whether there are side effects in the form of hypoglycemia (characterized by weakness, dizziness, and headache), abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, fecal stools, bloating, and dehydration. If these side effects appear, immediately consult a doctor.
Gestational diabetes
Gestational diabetes is diabetes that only appears during pregnancy and needs to be addressed immediately because it can endanger the mother and baby. Gestational diabetes treatment can be done with insulin injections or taking drugs, such as metformin, according to your doctor’s advice.
In addition to taking diabetes medication, diabetics also need to adopt a healthy diet, including the types and portions of food, and meal times. Diabetics are also encouraged to do regular exercise and maintain an ideal body weight to maintain blood sugar levels to stay normal.
It is important to always pay attention to the rules for taking diabetes medication given by a doctor. If there are complications or side effects after taking diabetes medication, you should immediately consult a doctor to get further treatment.