Causes of Swollen Feet and Easy Ways to Overcome It
Swelling of the feet makes it difficult for us to move. Find out what causes it to avoid disrupting your activities.
In medical science, swollen feet are usually caused by edema or the buildup of fluid in the body, precisely at the feet. Swelling of the feet is affected by a person’s health condition. Patients with kidney and heart disease will generally experience swelling of the legs.
Here are some things that cause swollen feet:
Lymphedema. Medical conditions due to disorders of the lymph vessels that inhibit the circulation of fluid in the legs. As a result, fluid builds up and makes the feet swell.
Injury. Swelling of the legs can occur due to injuries to the feet and ankles. When an ankle is injured or missteps, a ligament (a flexible band that connects bones to bones) will stretch beyond normal limits. This causes swollen feet.
Pregnancy. Swollen feet in pregnant women are normal. This happens because a large blood vessel in the groin receives pressure from a baby in the womb whose body is getting bigger. That is why in the last months of pregnancy there will generally be swelling of the legs.
However, swollen feet in pregnant women should still be aware of, especially if the calves also swell and leave a curve when pressed. If this condition occurs in the third trimester of pregnancy, there is a possibility that you have preeclampsia.
In addition, you also need to be vigilant if the swelling only occurs on one leg and the calves are reddened. This can be a symptom of a blood clot in a blood vessel.
Infection. Swollen feet due to infection are more often experienced by people with diabetes and who have nerve problems in the legs. So, if you suffer from the disease, you need to really pay attention to the condition of your feet, especially when there are abrasions and cuts.
Blood clots. Blood clots in the blood vessels in the legs will cause blood flow from the legs to the heart to be blocked. Frozen blood buildup can trigger swollen feet.
Has a disease. Swollen feet can indicate that a person has kidney, heart or liver disease. When the kidneys are disrupted or cannot function properly, fluid can accumulate in the legs which results in swelling.
Venous insufficiency. Swollen feet can be your first symptom of venous insufficiency, a condition when blood cannot move up from a vein in the leg to the heart. This results in swelling of the legs. If left untreated, this condition can cause skin ulcers, infections, and skin changes.
Drug side effects. Some medications can cause swollen feet including diabetes medications, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, antidepressant drugs, steroid drugs, drugs for blood pressure, and oral contraceptive use.
Other causes. Women who are in their menstrual cycle may experience swollen legs. In addition, standing for too long, driving a car or traveling by plane for long periods of time can also be a trigger factor for swelling in the legs.
Tips for Overcoming Swollen Feet
There are several easy ways you can do to reduce the risk of swelling in the legs.
Lower weight if excessive.
Compress with ice cubes wrapped in a towel.
You can lie down and lift your legs up.
Reduce salt intake.
Use compression stockings.
Avoid standing too long.
Do light exercise that moves the foot.
Avoid wearing clothes that are too tight, especially on the thighs.
If the cause of the feet is swollen due to the side effects of drugs, do not immediately stop taking it without the doctor’s permission. You can see the doctor again to ask for an alternative medicine.
If with these methods the condition of your feet does not improve or even gets worse, you can consult a doctor.