What is a noun phrase?

A noun phrase is a phrase which includes:

  • a noun (also called head)
  • and optionally modifiers.


1). Love is a beautiful feeling. (Love is a noun phrase without modifiers. However, a beautiful feeling is a noun phrase that includes a noun, feeling, and the determiner a and the adjective beautiful)

2). My house is over there. (My house is a noun phrase which consists of the noun house and a modifier – the possessive adjective my)

Possible noun modifiers

A noun phrase may optionally contain noun modifiers. If these modifiers are placed before the noun they are called pre-modifiers. However, if they are placed after the noun, they are called post-modifiers.

Possible noun modifiers include the following:

  1. Determiners :
  • articles (the, a)
  • demonstratives (this, that)
  • numerals (two, five, etc.)
  • possessives (my, their, etc.)
  • quantifiers (some, many, etc.)

In English, determiners are usually placed before the noun;

  1. adjectives (the delicious food)
  2. complements, in the form of a prepositional phrase (such as: the student of physics), or a That-clause (the idea  that the world is a small village )

Functions of a noun phrase

Noun phrases can function as subjects, objects:

  1. That sophisticated woman is beautiful. (That sophisticated woman is a noun phrase that functions as a subject.)
  2. I like the book that you bought. (the book that you bought is a noun phrase that functions as an object.)


Bagaimana cara menyusun noun phrase yang terdiri dari beberapa kelas kata yang berbeda? Kita bisa menghafalnya dengan rumus DI SUMUR TUWA AMAN.