CHAPTER I

PRELIMINARY

1.1 Background

The transportation system is one component or inseparable aspect in the needs of the transportation system, because every trip with a private vehicle generally always starts and ends in a parking lot. Likewise what happened in Indonesia, parking space needs tend to increase from year to year along with the increase in the number of carrying private vehicles, especially cars, so it should be sought to regulate the parking space layout in such a way that the available parking area can be optimally utilized at this time but without neglecting the ease of carrying out parking maneuvers and flexibility in opening vehicle doors. This study aims to determine the dimensions of efficient parallel parking lots in order to optimize.

Use of parking lots but still provide convenience and comfort for users to park vehicles. This research is limited to passenger car parking maneuvers (four wheels) with dimensions no more than (2.00m x 5.00m) with simulation conditions carried out in the parking lot (parking lot). The provision of vehicle parking facilities in principle can be done on the road (on-street parking) and outside the road (off-street parking). On the condition of parking on the road body, the maneuver of vehicles entering or leaving the parking space has the potential to cause disruption to the smooth flow of traffic.

1.2 Formulation of the problem

Based on the description of the background, the formulation of the problem in this study is:

What is the understanding of the impact of soaring vehicles on the availability of parking spaces
What happened to the impact of soaring vehicles on the availability of parking spaces
Why parking is always soaring

1.3 Objectives and Benefits

The objectives and benefits to be achieved in the impact of soaring vehicles on the availability of parking spaces are:

Member description of the characteristics of parking
Knowing the importance of providing the right parking for the needs of parking spaces

CHAPTER II

DISCUSSION

2.1 The impact of soaring vehicles on the availability of parking spaces

The provision of vehicle parking facilities in principle can be done on the road (on-street parking) and outside the road (off-street parking). On the condition of parking on the road body, the maneuver of a vehicle intending to enter or leave the parking space has the potential to cause disruption to the smooth flow of traffic due to a reduction in the width of the traffic lane used for maneuvering. The impact will be further exacerbated if the parking turnover intensity is very high. Parking facilities outside the road body are divided into two types, namely in the form of parking lots (parking garage) and parking lots (parking lots). Parking buildings do not require large areas but require considerable construction costs with a relatively long payback period, and not the maximum capacity of each floor of the parking building because some of the area is used for ramps and stairs Parking lots do not require a parking lot but require land quite extensive and optimal parking space layout settings by combining parking angle patterns and the direction of circulation of vehicles in the parking lot

The parking space unit (SRP) is an effective area size for placing vehicles, including free space and the width of door openings. It can also be said that SRP is a measure of the space requirements for parking a vehicle comfortably and safely with the maximum amount of space possible. To design a parking facility, information about the vehicle dimensions and behavior of the driver is required (forward or backward parking maneuvers) relating to the SRP layout which includes: parking angle, stall width, aisle width, and vehicle circulation direction.

Previous research indicates several factors that are considered to have the most influence on the ease of parking maneuvers in the parking lot, including physical conditions (including skills) of the driver, weather conditions (hot / overcast), and the presence of parking attendants.

Often times this parked vehicle seizes half the width of the road. Almost all the widths of roads in the PKK (City Activity Center) in Bandung, Semarang, Yogyakarta, and many other cities in Indonesia face the problem of vehicle parking. The construction of a number of buildings where public activities clearly invite people to come, often do not provide enough parking equipment, resulting in ‘Deprivation’ of the width of the road for parking vehicles, even though the owner pays parking services, traffic losses far outweigh the fees paid. The number of vehicles that are soaring raises a variety of new guidelines that must be met or balanced with, for example, the road, widening, pavement, and the width of the network. Provision of these infrastructure and facilities has not been balanced with the rate of the number of vehicles that continue to swell. One of the facilities that is often overlooked is the parking lot, even though it is in the center of activities such as shopping centers, entertainment centers, and so on. The need for parking lots is very large.

CHAPTER III

COVER

3.1 Conclusions

Based on various analyzes, some conclusions can be drawn as follows:

Parking requires information about the vehicle dimensions and behavior of the driver (forward or backward parking maneuvers) relating to the SRP layout which includes: parking angle, stall width, aisle width, and vehicle circulation direction.

3.2 Suggestions

Thus this paper the author makes, hopefully what is presented will provide knowledge and information. Furthermore, for the sake of the perfection of this paper the author memehon suggestions and criticisms to improve errors in the future.