Foreword

Praise and thank you we pray for the presence of the Supreme Lord who has given his guidance so that we can complete the task of this group. The purpose of the task of this group is to understand Computer and Society lessons. We hope that with the completion of this paper, we can find out more about Computer and Community courses, from understanding to their scope.

This group assignment about the influence of computers on public health is made based on references from experts, so that this task can truly be proven. We apologize if in the process of making this paper there are still many shortcomings, therefore the constructive criticisms and suggestions we really hope for so that we can improve it in the future.

South Tangerang, March 14, 2017

Composer

table of contents

COMPUTER AND COMMUNITY PROBLEMS

Foreword

CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION

CHAPTER II DISCUSSION

2.1 Definition of Computers

2.2 Benefits of Computers

2.3 Positive and Negative Impacts of Computers

2.4 Effect of Computers on Public Health

CHAPTER III CLOSING

3.1 Conclusions

3.2 Suggestions

CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION

Background

We know that technology has been around for a long time or humans have used technology. Someone uses technology because people have reason. With his wits he wants to get out of trouble, want to live better, safer and so on. Technological developments occur because someone uses his reason and reason to solve every problem he faces. On the one hand, the amazing development of the science and technology world has indeed brought tremendous benefits to the advancement of human civilization. The types of jobs that previously demanded considerable physical ability, now relatively can be replaced by automatic machinery, as well as the discovery of new formulations of computer capacity, as if they were able to shift the position of human brain capabilities in various fields of science and human activities. . In brief, the progress of science and technology that we have achieved now has truly been recognized and felt to provide a lot of convenience and comfort for the life of mankind. The contribution of science and technology to civilization and human well-being cannot be denied. But humans cannot deceive themselves in the fact that science and technology brings havoc and misery to humans.

Formulation of the problem
What is a computer?
What are the benefits of a computer?
What are the positive and negative effects of using computers?
What is the influence of computers on public health?

Writing purpose
Can know what a computer is
Can know the benefits of computers
Can know the positive and negative effects of a computer
Can know the influence of computers on public health

CHAPTER II DISCUSSION

2.1 Definition of Computers

Computer definition comes from the Latin computare which means counting. Because of the breadth of the field of computer science, experts and researchers differ slightly in defining computer terminology.

According to Hamacher, computers are electronic calculators that are fast and can receive digital input information, then process it according to programs stored in their memory, and produce output in the form of information.
According to Blissmer, a computer is an electronic device capable of performing several tasks as follows:
Receive input
Process the input according to the program
Keep orders and results of processing
Provides output in the form of information
While Fuori believes that computers are data processors that can perform large calculations quickly, including arithmetic calculations and logical operations, without human intervention.

2.2 Benefits of Computers

The benefits of computers in everyday life are very many and very helpful, simplify, speed up the work of humans including:

Field of education

With the computer makes it easier for school administration staff to make teaching curriculum, schedule school lessons, make student rosters, make student grades, absent students, make employee salary calculations and make teaching plans for school teachers.

Accessing Educational Information through the Internet. As the development of the era of the Internet has penetrated sub-district-level schools, so that access to information is even more easily obtained for the advancement of education in each school.

Health

Make it easier for Doctors and Nurses to monitor the patient’s health monitor the patient’s heart rate through a computer monitor, blood flow, examine organs in patients with X-rays. For example when treating the late former President Soeharto at Pertamina Hospital Jakarta, 2008. With modern technology can monitor, it even replaces the functions of internal organs such as the heart, lungs and kidneys. It is a health technology that is combined with Information and Computer technology.

Transportation Sector

With computers all schedules and flight paths that transit in the airport can be programmed and scheduled with a computer. To fly the plane itself is equipped with computer equipment. Even after reaching a certain height the aircraft can be automatically flown with an automatic pilot programmed into the computer. With a computer, navigating ships can be determined by the coordinates and direction of movement of the ship. Likewise, ticket sales at airports, stations, and bus terminals are served quickly using computers.

Field of Film Industry

All effects in the world of acting, animation, and filming of film scenes are all recorded with electronic devices connected to the computer. Animations are also developed using animations made with computer applications. For example Hollywood films called TITANIC are actually additional animations to describe giant ships that break and sink, so that they appear to be as if they were similar to real events.

Field of Recording Industry

That to produce good sound, it is necessary to record and modify sound with computer media, and print songs and help with a computer system. To print an album into a VCD or DVD, it needs help from a computer program to process CD killing or burning so that it can record sound with very high quality.

Field of Defense and Security

Developed countries like America have been equipped with satellite-controlled equipment from Earth, to monitor and map conditions on the surface of the Earth, in World War II and finally with Iraq, America uses Intelligence Networks equipped with computer technology and modern information so they can defeat their opponents .

Field of Sports

The world cup soccer match aired by satelite, which is connected to a receiver on earth and then transmitted to all TV transmitting satellites in the hemisphere, so that the world sporting event can be enjoyed by everyone.

2.3 Positive and Negative Impacts of Computers

Positive impact
By using computers, children become more happy to learn because of the educational software programmed in such an interesting way. The more children are interested in the program, and the more interested he is in learning. For example, basic knowledge program software reads. Children will prefer to learn to read through programs that are accompanied by images that can move and sound, writing that can open other pages, or letters that can change color rather than learn to read through that book alone.
In addition to educational programs, computers also offer application programs in the form of electronic games which generally are not specifically given certain formal educational content. Electronic games help children to learn how to survive, make strategies, arouse leadership, and play roles.
Because of the usual use of computers, children can operate various programs for word and numbers. The toddlers can also learn about colors and forms through educational programs that are computer-operated. Children can be clever in math because they often practice using computer help and can have a lot of vocabulary in English.
indirectly, children who from childhood are accustomed to using computers are being trained in a skill that is very important for them when they grow up and enter the world of work.


Negative impact

One negative impact is that it is very likely that children consume electronic games that highlight elements such as violence and aggressiveness without the knowledge of parents. The game of violent and aggressive scents is allegedly by education experts as a trigger for the emergence of aggressive and sadistic behaviors in children.
Because playing computers too often, children can lose time playing with their friends and their social life becomes less balanced.
Children can also be lazy to read books and write because a lot of time is spent at the computer. Achievements in school can decrease due to tasks that are not completed.
Negative access can also be obtained via the internet. Being able to access the internet is actually a good start for developing children’s insights. Unfortunately, children are also threatened by the amount of bad information that floods the internet. Because through the internet a variety of material containing sex, violence, etc. are sold openly and without barriers.
Given that the use of computers is something that cannot be avoided at this time and in the future, children must still be introduced to computers even though there are bad influences that can be caused. The most important thing is how educators and parents can make computers safe and beneficial for children. And introduce computers to children according to their age, and parents always supervise children when using computers and accessing the internet.

2.4 Effect of Computers on Public Health

Make it easier for Doctors and Nurses to monitor the patient’s health monitor the patient’s heart rate through a computer monitor, blood flow, examine organs in patients with X-rays. For example when treating the late former President Soeharto at Pertamina Hospital Jakarta, 2008. With modern technology can monitor, it even replaces the functions of internal organs such as the heart, lungs and kidneys. It is a health technology that is combined with Information and Computer technology.

It turns out that forever the progress of the computer world has a positive impact on humans. One of the most easily observed things is the impact of computers on the health of individual users. And from all the health complaints that have ever existed, most complaints come from laptop users. Laptops or notebooks as a means of mobile-computing are designed as efficiently as possible to be easily carried anywhere. But the efficiency obtained from the use of this laptop seems to have to be paid handsomely at the expense of the comfort and health of the wearer. Some health problems that often occur include:

Spinal Disorders
Eye Fatigue
Headache

CHAPTER III CLOSING

3.1 Conclusions

Computer definition comes from the Latin computare which means counting. Elements of a computer system consist of people (brainware), software (software), instruction sets (instruction sets), and hardware (hardware).

The benefits of computers in everyday life are very many and very helpful, simplify, accelerate human work.

3.2 Suggestions

Of all the discussions about computer use and its impact, of course we can take a conclusions on our own, and we generally recommend to all readers and especially us the next generation of Nation to use computers and increasingly advanced technology wisely, so that we can at least reduce the negative impact that exists on each of these things.