FOREWORD

Thank you to pray to Allah SWT so that the preparation of the paper “The Effects of E-Commerce in the Business World Today” can be resolved in time. In addition, we would like to express our deepest gratitude to the “COMPUTER & COMMUNITY” lecturers for their guidance and motivation.

Computers and Communities are courses that really need to be developed and understood considering their huge role in education, especially in the IT field with its code of ethics and problems, especially problems that we discuss all kinds of businesses in the world or the computer field.

The author is aware of the shortcomings in the preparation of this paper. Because of that we really hope for constructive criticism and suggestions from all parties for the perfection of this paper.

Tangerang, May 28, 2017

Composer

TABLE OF CONTENTS

FOREWORD

TABLE OF CONTENTS

CHAPTER I

PRELIMINARY

1.1 Background

1.2 Identification of Problems

1.3 Problem Formulation

1.4 Purpose of Writing

CHAPTER II

DISCUSSION

2.1 Definition of E-Commerce

2.2 Benefits and Types of E-Commerce

2.3 Negative Impact of E-Commerce

COVER

3.1 Conclusions

3.2 Suggestions

CHAPTER I

PRELIMINARY

1.1 Background

In today’s modern and all-digital era, technology is advancing rapidly and has even become the lifestyle of the population in the world. This development certainly changes the mindset and life that is different from ten years ago. This condition can be seen at this time that there is no distance between one person and another even though they are outside the city or abroad. In the business world also does not want to be left behind to take advantage of technological advancements because it provides a lot of convenience and smoothness in its transactions.

1.2 Identification of Problems

The research problem proposed by this submission can discuss the problem as follows:

Understanding E-Commerce
Benefits and Types of E-Commerce
Negative Impact of E-Commerce

1.3 Problem Formulation

What does E-Commerce mean?
What are the benefits and types of E-Commerce?
What Are the Negative Impacts of E-Commerce?

1.4 Purpose of Writing

Can know the meaning of E-Commerce
Can know the benefits and types of E-Commerce
Can know the negative from E-Commerce

CHAPTER II

DISCUSSION

2.1 Definition of E-Commerce

Electronic commerce (E-Commerce = electronic commerce) is part of an e-lifestyle that allows buying and selling transactions to be done online from any place (Hidayat, 2008: 5). E-Commerce can also be interpreted as a process of doing business using electronics that connects companies, consumers and society in the form of electronic transactions and transportation / sales of goods, services, and information electronically (Munawar, 2009: 1).

While the understanding of E-Commerce (Electronic Commerce) according to Jony Wong (2010: 33) is the purchase, sale and marketing of goods and services through electronic systems. Like television, radio and computer networks or the internet.

According to Vermaat (2007: 83) E-Commerce is a business transaction that occurs in electronic networks such as the internet. Anyone who has an internet network can be approved in E-Commerce activities. Computers that borrow this Wannacry Ransomware virus will look like this

2.2 Benefits and Types of E-Commerce

E-commerce has several benefits, both from business owners and consumers as follows (Suyanto, 2003: 50-51):

Benefits of E-Commerce in terms of business owners
Global Sales

With the existence of E-commerce allows a company or business voters to be able to sell the products they make to consumers who are more due to the nature of the web itself. In other words, companies can cover a wider market. For example, shoe companies in America or Australia can sell their products in Indonesia without having to open new stores in Indonesia.

Reduction of Corporate Infrastructure

With e-commerce, companies or business voters do not need to open a lot of sales or distribution branches (but in some cases, many e-commerce companies continue to open storage or production warehouses in various countries to facilitate consumers in shipping goods).

Reducing Company Costs / Increasing Net Profit

With the existence of E-commerce, business owners or companies do not need to spend excessive costs in providing many shops or buildings and many employees. This will increase profits by reducing the company’s operating costs.

Product Price Reduction

With the existence of e-commerce, the price of goods can be reduced as cheaply as possible due to the accumulation of some of the benefits above, so that consumers are more interested in buying and the range is also increasingly widespread from various layers of society.

Benefits of E-Commerce from the Consumer Side
Shopping 24/7

Benefits of E-commerce this one is very helpful for consumers in checking, planning or directly purchasing or ordering services or goods in certain businesses. In contrast to shops that usually close at curfew like bookstores which are only open from 9am to 9pm. Online bookstores can be open for checking and purchasing 24 hours for 7 days or non-stop. Fun and useful not for consumers.
Saving time

With the existence of e-commerce, consumers can save their time in shopping because there is no need to go to the store directly, just open the website, check the goods and then order. Sent items. Not useful.

Goods / Services are getting cheaper

Now, the benefits of e-commerce are really felt by consumers, this is due to the benefits of e-commerce for companies so that the operating costs of business owners are reduced so that they are able to provide cheaper prices.

Consumers Can Compare More Accurately

With e-commerce especially online-based, consumers are able to compare multiple products at once, just click, click, in contrast to ordinary stores, you have to walk to several places at the same time especially the different shops. With e-commerce you just need to open a computer, and check the various prices of goods in various online stores, look for cheap ones without having to move places. Try opening Lazada, Tokopedia, OLX, and other online stores.

There are 5 types of e-commerce in Indonesia today. The following is an explanation and example (Laudon, 2003: 45).

B2C (Business to Consumer) Model

This type is actually an online shop or online store that has its own website address, then sells its own products directly to consumers. This business model has a main focus, namely to get profits from the sale of its products. For example, Lazada, Bhineka, BerryBenka, Bilna and Tickets.

Based on Social Media

Unlike the B2C business type that has its own website address, this business model utilizes social media such as Facebook, Twitter and Instagram to market products. For example, online stores are spread on Facebook, Twitter and Instagram.

C2C (Customer to Customer) Model

This C2C business model is called the marketplace, the marketplace as a facilitator for sellers and buyers to make transactions (joint accounts). In addition, usually the marketplace also provides special services for sellers promoting their goods or products. For example, Bukalapak and Tokopedia.

Classified ad

This form of business is almost the same as the marketplace, the difference is classified ads do not provide rekber facilities. Classified ads are only a place for sellers to advertise their products, then sellers and buyers often make COD (Cash on Delivery) transactions. For example, OLX and Kaskus.

Shopping Mall

This shopping mall model is almost the same as the marketplace and classified ads, the difference is that shopping malls only facilitate sellers who have reputable brands, because the verification stage that must be passed by the seller is indeed super duper tight. For example Blibli.
2.3 Negative Impact of E-Commerce

Direct financial loss due to fraud. A fraudster transfers money from one account to another or he has replaced all financial data.
Theft of valuable confidential information. Interference that arises can reveal all the confidential information to parties who are not entitled and can result in a large loss for the victim.
Loss of business opportunity due to service disruption. This error is a non-technical error such as a sudden power outage.
Use of access to sources by unauthorized parties. For example, a hacker who successed to break a bank system. After that he transferred a number of other people’s accounts to his own account.
Loss of trust from consumers. This is because of a variety of factors, such as business intentionally carried out by other parties who try to undermine the company’s reputation.
Unexpected losses. Caused by intentional disturbances, dishonesty, improper business practices, human factor errors, human factor errors or electronic system errors.

CHAPTER III

COVER

3.1 Conclusions

Initially, electronic commerce was a trading activity that only used commercial transactions, for example sending commercial documents such as electronic purchase orders. Then developed into an activity that has a more appropriate term, namely “trading via the web” (purchase of goods and services through the World Wide Web).

Trading using E-Commerce has many benefits, including being able to reduce the cost of goods and services, and can increase customer satisfaction as long as it involves speed to get the goods needed with the best quality in accordance with the price. This e-Commerce, despite its many benefits and advantages, also has disadvantages. The disadvantage is that the transaction is not safe because it uses a credit card or account number, so sometimes things that are unwanted occur.

3.2 Suggestions

The author gives advice to business owners to be able to further minimize the loopholes of criminals, especially in the digital world so as not to interfere with consumer comfort while transacting. Consumers also need to be careful when transacting because there are many ways that criminals in cyberspace do to trick their victims.