Understanding, Functions, Formulas and Adjective Clause Examples

Adjective clause is an important part or element that is often used in English. So if you want to understand text or conversations in English that already uses complex grammar, then you have to master the correct way to use adjective clause. This material is complex because there are sentences in the sentence, so if we determine the main subject and the subject for the sentence that is an adjective clause, it can lead to misunderstanding.

Definition of Adjective Clause

What is an adjective clause? Adjective clause is grammar which consists of two words, namely adjective and clause. Adjective functions to explain noun (noun) or pronoun (object pronouns). While the clause is a collection of two or more words that have a subject but are not perfect so that the sentence cannot be said.

So what is meant by adjective clause is a collection of two or more words (which contain the subject and verb) that function as adjectives.

Notice the example below:

The girl who looks sad is reading a novel (the girl who looks sad, is reading a novel).
Clause: who looks sad in the form of a subject and verb that acts as an adjective describing “The girl”.

Adjective Clause function

As explained above, the adjective clause functions as an adjective which describes a noun so that making a general noun becomes more specific or more specific.

For example the example above, if we do not give an adjective clause in the sentence “the girl is reading a novel” while there are two girls who both read novels in the same place, of course the listener will be confused. Therefore it must be made clearer, which girl is the speaker by giving an adjective cluase.

Adjective Clause Formula

Adjective clause can be either relative pronoun or adverb relative:

Relative Pronoun

Relative pronoun is a clause that begins with who, whom, which, whose, that serves to explain or describe a noun (noun) or pronoun (object pronoun).
The man who called me last night is my father (the man who called me last night – was my father). The real core sentence is: The man is my father. While the clause “who called me last night” is only an adjective clause which explains the word The Man Agart is not wrong with the other man.
In practice, words are who, whom, which, whose and that are often omitted to simplify the sentence. But what clearly does not reduce the meaning and purpose of the sentence.
You are the one whom I love> You are the one I love. The meaning remains the same, that is you are the person I love.

Relative Adverb

Meanwhile, relatively adverb is a clause that starts with the words where, when and why which also serves to explain or describe nouns (noun).
This is where we met last year (This is the place – where we met last year). The core sentence is this is the place. While the clause “where we last last year” is an adjective clause that explains the place.

Example of the Adjective Clause Sentence
The car that was bought last year belonged to my neighbor.
I don’t know the man who came in to your home.
I will donate my money to whom ask for it first.
The man whose hat is white is my uncle.
We have arrived to the town where I was born.
Adjective Clause Punctuation

In the adjective clause there is a rule that requires us to use a comma punctuation, but some don’t. However, the thing to note is that when you make this clause and contain important information, avoid using comma punctuation. On the contrary, if the clause does not contain material or important things, you should use a comma, as a pause.


Junk which is most people like is not healthy (fast food that many people like is not healthy)
The motorcycle, which is lost, has not been found until now (the missing motorcycle has not been found until now)
My sister, who said having a broken leg, sprinted after the car (My sister, who said her leg was broken. Run after the car)