Understanding of Verb

English:

A verb is one of the main parts in the sentence or the question in English. A verb is very important to be in the sentence or question, because when a verb is missing, you absolutely can’t make a sentence or question.

Indonesia :

A verb (verb) is one part of some of the most important parts of a sentence or question in English. A verb (verb) is very important in a sentence or question because if there is no verb, a sentence or question cannot be made.

Understanding of Verb Phrase

English:

A verb phrase is a combination of words (verb + presposition / verb + adverb), it takes different meaning to the original verb.

Indonesia :

Verb Phrase is a combination of words (verb + preposition / verb + adverb) which when used, the phrase will form a different meaning from the meaning of the original verb (original verb).

Form of Verb Phrase
a main verb:

VERB

We
I
Everybody
We

are
likes
saw.
laughed.

here.
it
the accident

Verb can be in the form of present tenses (are, likes) or past tense (saw, laughed). A verb phrase with only the main verb reveals simple aspect.

Example of sentences:

Subject (Subject)

Verb (Verb)

Complement (Remarks)

We

played

football

She

comes

to my house

an auxiliary verb (be) dan a main verb in –ing form

Bentuk ini menjelaskan kata kerja yang digunakan pada waktu yang sedang berlangsung (continous).

Contoh Kalimat:

Subject (Subjek)

Auxiliary Verb

Verb-ing

I

am

studying

The students

were

watching

an auxiliary verb (have) dan a main verb with past participle (V3)

Bentuk ini menjelaskan kata kerja digunakan pada aspek yang telah terjadi (perfect). Sebuah verb dengan have/has menunjukkan Present Perfect, sedangkan sebuah verb dengan had menunjukkan Past Perfect.

Contoh Kalimat:

Subject (Subjek)

Auxiliary Verb (have/has/had)

Verb 3 (Participle)

Complement (Keterangan)

The boy

has

played

football

He

had

finished

doing homework

an auxiliary verb (have + been) dan a main verb in the –ing form

Bentuk ini menjelaskan kata kerja yang menjelaskan kegiatan yang telah terjadi dan sedang berlangsung pada waktu tertentu (perfect continous). Sebuah verb dengan ‘have/has been + Ving’ menunjukkan Present Perfect Continous, sedangkan sebuah verb dengan ‘had been + Ving’ menunjukkan Past Perfect Continous.

Contoh Kalimat:

Subject (Subjek)

Auxiliary Verb (have/has/had + been)

Verb -ing

Complement (Keterangan)

Indah

had been

singing

a song

The men

have been

fishing

in a lake

Fungsi Verb Phrase

Verb as Verb Phrase Head (Verb sebagai inti atau induk Verb Phrase)

Contoh:

Eat the cake (makan kue)
Will eat the cake (akan makan kue)
Want to eat the cake (ingin makan kue)

Verb Phrase as Predicate (Verb Phrase sebagai predikat)

Contoh:

I will eat the cake (Saya akan makan kue)
He is drinking some water. (Dia sedang meminum air)
The students must study hard. (Murid – murid harus belajar dengan giat)

Verb Phrase as Noun Phrase Modifier (Verb Phrase sebagai pemodifikasi Noun Phrase)

Contoh:

I saw a man standing on the table. (Saya meilhat seorang pria berdiri dia atas meja)
She does not have any food to eat. (Dia tidak memiliki makanan untuk dimakan)
Do you have any books to read? (Apakah kamu punya buku untuk dibaca?)

Verb Phrase as Verb Phrase Complement (Verb Phrase sebagai pelengkap Verb Phrase)

Contoh:

We need to pass the exam. (Kita harus lulus ujian)
I have to attend the meeting now. (Saya harus menghadiri rapat sekarang)
They finished doing their assignment. (Mereka selesai mengerjakan tugas mereka)